Glossary of Robotics TermsΒΆ

Actuators
Actuators cause the effectors to perform action. (motors, relay switches, pneumatic solenoids ... )
Autonomy
Autonomy is the ability to make decisions independent of human control and act on them.
Controllers
The brains of the robot that uses information from sensors and human users to control the actuators.
Differential Drive
Two drive wheels on either side of the robot. Other wheels are used to provide balance, but movement and steering is controlled by setting the velocities of the two drive wheels.
Effectors
Effectors enable a robot to take action. (wheels, arms, grabbers, wings, ...)
Kinematics
Kinematics is the branch of classical mechanics which describes the motion of points, bodies (objects) and systems of bodies (groups of objects) without consideration of the causes of motion.
Robot
A robot is an autonomous system which exists in the physical world, can sense its environment, and can act on it to achieve some goals.
Sensors
Sensors detect information about the robot’s environment.